"Size and general condition.- Fine large parchment 25.8x23 cm., containing on each side the first 14 lines of a page that originally must have had 18 lines and measured about 35x26 cm. Upper and outer side margins are 2 cm. wide; lower and inner margins are lost. Several of the pines are almost complete, but the majority are broken. This and the following number belong to the same copy of the Ḳurʾān.
Contents.- Recto, Sūrah 2:278 ([واذ]روا) -282 (فليكتب) ; verso, ibid.: 282 (بالعدل to ويعلمكم). In recto 6 we have ذوا, though the printed text is without the alif. In verso 10 we have تجرة حضرة instead of تجارة حاضرة; Dānī tells us that ʿĀṣim alone reads it with a, the rest with u. In this and No. 11 a red dot for u is frequently placed after the pronominal endings –hum and –kum – a practise which seems to have been accepted by some who preferred this vocalization to the sukūn. In recto 3 we have رسولِهُ for the رسولِهِ of the printed text. This seems to have been a scribal error later corrected by a dot for the i in lighter red ink.
Script.- This and Nos. 11-14 have the same general type of Kūfic script as Ar. Pal. Plates 31-36, dated by Moritz 2d-3d century. Grohmann gives us the further information that Plates 31-34 came from a Ḳurʾān written by the Imām Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad al-Ṣādiḳ (d. 148/765). The letters of all five of these manuscripts are large and heavy, though the vertical strokes are comparatively short, the alif measuring 1.2-1.3 cm. The lines are 1.8 cm. apart, and words and letters are well but not extravagantly spaced. The words do not stand out as such and are frequently divided at the end of a line. The inks, red and brown, have retained their color on both sides of the parchment remarkably well. Characteristic letter forms are the reversed y, the doubly curved final ḳ (in No. 11), and the open medial ʿ.
Diacritical strokes are used fully and freely. The f has one stroke below, the ḳ one above; sh has three strokes above, and s frequently but not always has three strokes below. A double vowel system is used. The older red dots are used rather consistently, but they are reinforced, as it were, by the addition of newer symbols, viz. the miniature alif and w. Thus a red dot is frequently accompanied by a small red alif to the left or a small red w above it. The dot below alone is not so reinforced. The appearance of alif and w thus used confirms the theory that the modern fatḥah, ḍammah, and (by inference) kasrah have theis origins in the letters alif, w, and y respectively. Both types of vowel markings are in orange-red ink, but those of the newer system are generally slightly lighter in shade owing, it seems, to the use of a thinner solution of the same ink. In several instances both types are in the same shade ink, either both dark or both light