Kūfī (D I)
Whelan 1990,128,34 schreibt: "The folios in Washington were purchased from the New York dealer Hagop Kevorkian in 1937."
Cf. Whelan 1990,116f.
Farhad 2016,152 schreibt: "Part of a fragmentary Qur'an, these folios
from sura al-Baqara (the Cow) epitomize the stately elegance of the
kufic script. Razor-sharp letters and words appear on cream-colored
parchment in five equidistant rows. With its emphasis on the horizontal
strokes, the script's generous spacing enhances its unhurried rhythm.
Clearly, the overall design of the rext was critical, for on folio 10a,
the calligrapher contracted words - such as shay (thing) in line 4 - and
expanded others - e.g., a-kitab (scripture) on the first line - to
create a neat rectangle, which sits somewhat closer to the inner gutter
and allows for a wide outer margin. He also ensured that the first,
third, and fourth letters began with the letter alif with its
characteristic left lower hook. The same concern with harmonizing
letterforms can be seen on other folios from this fragment. On folio 8a,
for example, the lines begin with the tight, contracted curves of the
word fi (in) and the letter waw, which are carefully stacked above each
other and draw attention to their shape.
The elegant treatment of the script is also evident in the medallion in the lower right corner folio 10a)[ ( fehlt, Anm. d. Bearb.]. Inscribed in gold with the words "two-hundred and thirty", which mark the verse number in the chapter, the center is surrounded by finely illuminated, intersecting bands. The other additions to the text are red vocalization marks, which some scholars have used recently to determine the provenance of early Qur'ans."
Massumeh, in: Farhad, Massumeh; Rettig, Simon: The Art of the Qur'an.
Treasures from the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts. With
contributions by François Déroche, Edhem Eldem, Jane McAuliffe, Sana
Mirza and Zeren Tanındı. Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian
Institution,[ published on the occasion of the exhibition "The Art of
the Qur'an: Treasures from the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts,
Istanbul", October 15, 2016 - February 20, 2017,] Washington DC 2016,
152f. [No. 7: Folios from a Qur'an]
- [Autor/Herausgeber?: ]Ideals of Beauty: Asian and American Art in the Freer and Sackler Galleries. London: Thames and Hudson 2010, 118f.
Estelle: "Writing the Word of God: Some Early Qur'ān Manuscripts and
Their Milieux, Part 1", Ars Orientalis 20 (1990) 113-47, bes.
- Atıl, Esin: Art of the Arab World. Washington, DC: Freer Gallery of Art 1975, 14f., cat. 1